Sherman’s march to the Sea
The term Sherman’s March to the sea is commonly used by historians and scholars in reference to Savannah Campaign of 15th November 1864 to 21st December 1864 during the Civil War period. This march started on 16tth November 1864 when the union army under Maj. Gen William T. Sherman left the captured city of Atlanta in Georgia and this march ended on 21st December the same year when these troops captured the port of Savannah (Trudeau,2008). To this effect, this research paper will examine some of the reasons that led to Sherman’s march and in addition to this; the paper will examine the effects of this march on the American Civil War.
Typically, Sherman and his troops were against the confederation armies in the United States thus, their march targeted those farms and railroads which were supporting the confederate armies in the country. According to them, the American Civil war was going to come to an end if only they will end the economic and strategic capacity of the confederacy in US. As a result of this position, Sherman and his troops used scorched earth policy during their march and they destroyed infrastructure, livestock and crops.
Secondly, the march aimed at punishing the Georgians who had separated from the Union before the war. Indeed, Georgia was among the other southern states who wanted to separate totally or secede from the original union that formed the United States of America. In this respect, Georgia being an agricultural state was the main source of raw materials for Americas factories thus by separating from the Union those industries in the northern states will miss raw materials thus this march was aimed at punishing Georgia in order for her to return to the original Union of the United States of America (Trudeau,2008).
As a matter of fact, the Sherman’s march had a great impact on the course and the end results of the American Civil War. Basically, Sherman troops scorch earth policy led to a lot of destruction especially in Georgia among other southern States that they troops invaded for instance, infrastructure such as railroads were uprooted by Sherman’s troops. In addition to this, agricultural property and many lives of people were lost in the course of this march. As a result of this destruction the Southern states especially Georgia and the Port of Savannah were captured defeated by Sherman troops. This eventually made the southern states that wanted to secede to give up and the war eventually came to an end in 1865 (Trudeau,2008).
It is indeed evident from the above discussion that, the Sherman’s March to the sea played an important role in bringing the American Civil War to an end. As a matter of fact, the use of punitive methods such as scorch earth policy by Sherman and his troops increase the number of deaths that occurred during the American Civil War especially for the southerners.
Trudeau, Noah Andre. Southern storm : Sherman’s march to the sea. New York: Harper, 2008.